The Olubadan stool represents the pinnacle of traditional authority in Ibadan, the largest city in West Africa by landmass and one of the most historically significant cities in Nigeria. The Olubadan, meaning “Lord of Ibadan,” is the traditional ruler and custodian of the customs and heritage of the Ibadan people. This article provides a historical overview of the Olubadan stool, tracing the lineage of rulers from its inception to the present day.

The Origin of the Olubadan Stool
The title of Olubadan has its roots in the 16th century when Ibadan was established as a war camp. The city grew rapidly due to its strategic location and became a melting pot of various Yoruba sub-groups. The leadership structure evolved over time, culminating in the establishment of the Olubadan stool, which symbolizes unity, authority, and the rich cultural heritage of Ibadan.

The Olubadan Ascension Process
The process of becoming an Olubadan is unique and systematic. It is a hierarchical system where the kingmakers, known as the Olubadan-in-Council, play a crucial role. The ascension follows two main lines: the Balogun (military) line and the Otun (civil) line. Prospective Olubadans move up these lines through a series of chieftaincy titles until they reach the pinnacle. This system ensures a steady and predictable succession, minimizing conflicts and power struggles.

Chronicle of Olubadan Rulers
This article also includes a comprehensive list of the Olubadan who have reigned from the inception of the title to the present day:

Ba’ale Maye Okunade
Ba’ale Oluyedun
Ba’ale Lakanle 1820-1830
Bashorun Oluyole
Ba’ale Oderinlo
Ba’ale Oyeshile Olugbode
Ba’ale Ibikunle
Bashorun Ogunmola
Ba’ale Akere I
Ba’ale Orowusi
Aare Ona Kakanfo Obadoke Latosa
Ba’ale Ajayi Osungbekun
Ba’ale Fijabi l
Ba’ale Oshuntoki
Basorun Fajimi
Ba’ale Mosaderin
Ba’ale Dada Opadere
Ba’ale Sunmonu Apampa
Ba’ale Akintayo Awanibaku Elenpe
Ba’ale Irefin
Ba’ale Shittu Latosa (son of Aare Latosa )
Ba’ale Oyewole Foko 1925–1929
Olubadan Okunola Abass 1930–1946
Olubadan Akere I 1946
Olubadan Oyetunde I 1946
Olubadan Akintunde Bioku 1947–1948
Olubadan Fijabi II 1948–1952
Olubadan Alli Iwo 1952
Olubadan Apete 1952–1955
Oba Sir Isaac Babalola Akinyele 1955–1964
Oba Yesufu Kobiowu July 1964 – December 1964
Oba Salawu Akanni Aminu 1965–1971
Oba Shittu Akintola Oyetunde II 1971–1976
Oba Gbadamosi Akanbi Adebimpe 1976–1977
Oba Daniel ‘Tayo Akinbiyi 1977–1982
Oba Yesufu Oloyede Asanike I 1982–1994
Oba Emmanuel Adegboyega Operinde I 1994 – 1999
Oba Yunusa Ogundipe Arapasowu I 1999 – 2007
Oba Samuel Odulana Odugade I 2007 – 2016
Oba Saliu Akanmu Adetunji 2016 – 2022
Oba Lekan Balogun 2022 – 2024.
Oba Owolabi Olakuleyin 2024 – till present

The Role and Influence of the Olubadan
The Olubadan wields significant influence not only within Ibadan but also across the broader Yoruba land. The Olubadan-in-Council, comprising high chiefs, assists in governance and decision-making processes. The Olubadan plays a vital role in the preservation of cultural practices, the resolution of conflicts, and the promotion of social and economic development.

Modern-Day Relevance
Despite the advent of modern political structures, the Olubadan stool remains a vital institution in Ibadan. It embodies the enduring legacy and traditions of the Yoruba people, providing a sense of identity and continuity. The Olubadan engages with contemporary issues, advocating for the welfare of the people and maintaining the cultural heritage.
The Olubadan stool is more than just a traditional title; it is a symbol of the rich history, cultural heritage, and unity of the Ibadan people. From its origins in a war camp to its current status, the Olubadan has played a pivotal role in the development and cohesion of Ibadan. As the city continues to grow and evolve, the Olubadan stool remains a cornerstone of its identity and tradition.





Follow us now   for more news in Oyo State.

Oyo Truth is an independent online news /medium reporting up-to-date events, happenings and activities related to Oyo State, Nigeria.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 5 / 5. Vote count: 1

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *